提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家赏析 中国数字油画网 数字油画教程

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家 中国数字油画网

在文艺复兴时期,儿子通常继续父亲的手工艺生涯,并继承家庭作坊。正如我们今天要说的那样,研讨会是“家族企业”。但是,提香(Titian)和他的当代同事米开朗基罗(Michelangelo)和莱昂纳多(Leonardo)一样,并非来自手工班。他们的家人从事地方行政权力和公证业务。

Titian的老师有几个版本。据说,泰坦(Titan)从他的家乡到威尼斯,大约9-12岁时被派往壁画画家和可能的马赛克画家塞巴斯蒂亚诺·祖卡托Sebastiano Zuccato)。塞巴斯蒂亚诺(Sebastiano)是一个未成年人,除其他外,他可能是一个家庭朋友。

后来,提香(Titian)在年长的外邦人贝利尼(Gentile Bellini)的带领下继续了他的基础正规培训。然后,他在他的哥哥乔凡尼·贝里尼Giovanni Bellini)的工作室学习,后者是威尼斯的著名画家。

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家

在贝里尼(Bellini)的工作室中,提香(Titian)与同辈的年轻艺术家进行了交流,后来他们成为了他的同事和竞争对手。其中包括:Palma VecchioLorenzo LottoSebastiano del PiomboGiorgione

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家

在贝里尼(Bellini)的工作室里,提香(Titian)和他的哥哥弗朗切斯科·韦切利奥Francesco Vecellio)在学徒制下学习,弗朗切斯科·韦切利奥Francesco Vecellio)后来在威尼斯成为画家。所有这些年轻学生在艺术上都相互影响。此外,在威尼斯,还有其他活跃的年轻艺术家。其中一些还来自贝里尼的工作室。其中包括Alvise VivariniCima da Conegliano

Titian是否在Giorgione的领导下进行了很多辩论-Vasari说Giorgione是Titian的老师,其他传记作者说他们都是Bellini的学生,并住在他的房子里。无论如何,乔尔乔涅(Giorgione)和提香(Titian)都是在相同或不同时间在贝利尼(Bellini)的工作室当学徒的。他们俩合作完成了许多画作,它们的风格是如此相似,以至于直到今天,鉴赏家们仍在讨论和辩论许多画作的作者身份分配。

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家
提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家

Titian的首席大师Giovanni Bellini对他产生了深远的影响。

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家

However, it is obvious that Titian was influenced not only by the work of Giovanni Bellini, but also by his generation of young colleagues, especially by Giorgione and Sebastiano del Piombo – they both were extremely important for Titian’s development as a painter.

Sebastiano del Piombo (born 1485) was slightly older than Titian; there is about a five-year age difference.

提香的老师和顶尖的威尼斯艺术家

Sebastiano was more experienced than Titian. However, Giorgione (born 1478) was about 12 years older, and already established his own voice in painting.

1510 became a key year in Titian’s career. His major competitors had left the art scene – Giorgione had died during this year, and Sebastiano del Piombo had relocated to Rome, where he transformed himself into a minor follower of Michelangelo.

贝里尼老人是唯一统治威尼斯艺术界的竞争对手。直到1516年贝里尼去世后,提香才成为共和国的官方画家。直到六十年后他去世,他一直担任该市的主要画家。

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